The NBC Chimes Museum A Celebration Of Old–Time Radio’s Most Famous Signature
the deagan 200 series dinner chime
A relative newcomer to the lineup in the late 1920s, the 200 Series was the least expensive dinner chime in the Deagan fold. The 200 Series consisted of four chime plates tuned in ascending order to the notes G, C, E, and G and mounted above brass tubular resonators. The two G notes were an octave apart, and the C was one octave above Middle C. This is the chime heard on the earliest recordings of the NBC chimes, the seven and five note sequences from 1929 through 1931. (Mention of a four note sequence occurs in NBC timelines, but no recordings of that sequence have ever been made public.)
Edison Lights Golden Jubilee, broadcast October 21, 1929. The earliest known recording of NBC Chimes in any form. Aircheck recorded from WJZ New York, flagship station of NBC’s Blue Network, although the program itself was broadcast from 7:30 PM to 8:30 PM Eastern Time on both the Red and Blue Networks of NBC. The program was a remote broadcast from Dearborn, Michigan, but the Chimes were likely rung in New York. The announcer giving the NBC network system cue is Graham McNamee. The WJZ station identification is most likely given by Milton Cross.
Coca–Cola Top Notchers, synchronization break for mid–program station ID. Aircheck from WEEI Boston, March 26, 1930. This program was carried over NBC’s Red Network, and originated from WEAF in New York.
Both instances of the seven–note sequence are played on a Deagan No 200 dinner chime. Notes are G4–C5–G5–E5, followed by a repeat of G4–C5–E5, and pitched at A=435Hz. The final E is impossible to hear in the 1930 instance, and in the 1929 instance it sounds as though several chime plates are struck together at the end to form a chord.
Wendell Hall, the Pineapple Picador, broadcast over WTMJ Milwaukee on February 4, 1931. A Deagan No 200 dinner chime is used. Notes are G5–G4–E5–C5–C5. According to historian Rich Samuels, this program was carried over NBC’s Red Network, and originated from WMAQ in Chicago. Contemporary advertising, however, seems to indicate that all Libby’s radio programming was done over the NBC Blue Network.
Mary Hale Martin’s Household Period, a cooking program broadcast on an unknown date (but most likely January or February) in 1931. Aircheck recorded from WBZ–WBZA, NBC Blue Affiliates in Boston/East Springfield. A Deagan No 200 dinner chime is used. Notes are G5–G4–E5–C5–C5. This program originated from Chicago, most likely from WENR. According to a 1931 advertisement for Libby’s pineapple, Mary Hale Martin’s Household Period aired on Wednesdays at 10:00 AM Eastern Time, 9:00 AM Central Time, “over WJZ and associated N. B. C. stations”, which would make it an NBC Blue Network program.
Undated aircheck from WSB Atlanta, with Deagan No 200 dinner chime being sounded. The notes are E5–G4–C5, the opening notes to “Over There”.
This chime was also the one said to have been adopted by WSB by General Manager Lambdin Kay at the suggestion of singer Nell Pendley, who gave him the set that is now on display in WSB’s museum; however, research done by this writer suggests that Kay originally used a tubular Deagan 3003 Military Dinner Call before he adopted his famous dinner chimes; the latter were not patented until at least four years after his first usage of chimes is documented. (More details on the Chimes As Radio Identifiers page.)
The 200 Series dinner chime was sold in quite an array of colors in its early years, later tapering off until by the end of production it was only available with brushed gold chime plates above ivory resonators. The full list of colors (not all were produced at the same time), and their prices, are:
- 200—Mandarin Red base with black chime plates—$6.00
- 201—Bronze base and chime plates—$6.00
- 203—Black base with chromium chime plates—$7.00
- 204—Ivory base with chromium chime plates—$7.00
- 205—Ivory base with brushed gold chime plates—$7.00
- 206—Red base with brushed gold chime plates—$7.00
- 207—Blue base with brushed gold chime plates—$7.00
- 208—Van Dyke Brown base with ivory chime plates—$6.00
- 209—Egyptian Green base with ivory chime plates—$6.00
This writer has recently taken his 200 set apart for cleaning, and in so doing discovered why the tubular resonators and wooden frame are always the same color: they were first assembled, then spray–painted as a finished unit before the support cables and chime plates were installed.
Because of its low price and “smart design”, as the advertising material boasted, the 200 series became the flagship instrument of the Deagan Dinner Chime line. By the 1950s it was being billed in catalogs as “The World’s Most Popular Dinner Chimes”. Former Deagan Master Tuner Gilberto Serna, who started Century Mallet Instrument Service in the original Deagan factory building, told me that by the time production of the 200 series ended in the 1980s, they were making three hundred a day, and the chimes were selling for $27.00 each.
Click the image below to see the United States Patent for the Deagan 200 Chime. (PDF file, courtesy of Google Patents. Opens in new window.)